Rules

Powerlifting Rules and Bylaws.

Here are the USA Powerlifting By-Laws and Rulebook.


Rules – General Rules of Powerlifting
I.P.F. TECHNICAL RULES  –  With Maryland State Powerlifting Association Annotations

Part 1.
GENERAL RULES OF POWERLIFTING

Throughout this rule book, wherever the words “he” or “his” occur, such reference is deemed to apply to either sex.

1. (a) The International Powerlifting Federation recognizes the following lifts which must be taken in the same sequence in all competitions conducted under the IPF rules:

A.Squat  B.Bench Press  C.Dead Lift  D.Total

(b) Competition takes place between lifters in categories defined by sex, bodyweight and age.The Men’s and Women’s Open Championships permit lifters of any age in excess of 14 years.
(c) The rules apply to all levels of competition whether it be World, Regional, International or any competition that states that it is conducted under IPF rules.
(d) Each competitor is allowed three attempts on each lift. Any exceptions are explained in the appropriate section of the rule book. The lifter’s best valid attempt on each lift,disregarding any fourth attempts for record purposes,counts toward his competition total. The winner of a category shall be the lifter who achieves the highest total.The remaining lifters shall be ranked in descending order of total.
Lifters failing to achieve a total are eliminated from the competition.
If two or more lifters achieve the same total, the lighter lifter ranks above the heavier lifter.

2. The IPF through is member federations conducts and sanctions the following World Championships:
Men’s Open World Championships
Women’s Open World Championships
Men’s and Women’s Combined Junior World Championships
Men’s and Women’s Combined Master’s World Championships
Bench Press World Championships

*  The MSPA conducts and/or sanctions and maintains records for the following State Championships:

Men’s & Women’s Seniors
Men’s & Women’s Juniors
Men’s & Women’s collegiate
Men’s & Women’s Masters
Men’s & Women’s Bench press
Men’s & Women’s Deadlift

3. The IPF also recognizes and registers world records for the same lifts within the categories described hereunder:
Age Categories
Men – Senior:from 14 years upwards (no category restrictions need apply).
Junior:from 14 years to and including 23 years of age.
Master I: from 40 years to and including 49 years of age.
Master II: from 50 years upwards.
Women – Senior: from 14 years upwards (no category restriction need apply).
Junior:from 14 years to and including 23 years of age.
Master:from 40 years upwards.

Competitive lifting shall be restricted to competitors aged 14 years and over.The lifter must have attained minimum age on the day of the competition where age limits are imposed. A lifter may remain in the Junior category throughout the full calendar year in which he reaches the stated upper limit of that category.

Age grouping for Masters is determined by their actual birth date.

Men over 60 years of age competing in the “from 50 years upwards ” and women over 50 years of age competing in the “from 40 years of age” categories shall be eligible for 1st., 2nd., and 3rd. place medals based upon their Schwartz/Malone formula points. This will not affect the competition point scoring system of their placings within the 50 years upwards category for men of the 40 years upwards category for women.

Age categories and their further subdivision may be adapted for use nationally at the discretion of the national federation.

* The MSPA recognizes and registers state records for the age categories for both men & women described here under:

SENIOR: from 14 years upwards (no category restrictions).
JUNIOR: 14-15, 16-17, 18-19, 20-23 years of age.
SUB-MASTER: 35-39 years of age.
MASTER: 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-59, 70-74, 75-79, 80 years and upwards.

* at competitions sanctioned by the MSPA age grouping for JUNIORS is determined by their actual birth date.
* At any competition having age qualifications proof of age shall be required.

Bodyweight Categories
Men
-52.0 kg Class up to 52.0 kg.
56.0 kg class from 52.01 to 56.0 kg.
60.0 kg class from 56.01 to 60.0 kg.
67.5 kg class from 60.01 to 67.5 kg.
75.0 kg class from 67.51 to 75.0 kg.
82.5 kg class from 75.01 to 82.5 kg.
90.0 kg class from 82.51 to 90.0 kg.
100.0 kg class from 90.01 to 100.0 kg.
110.0 kg class from 100.01 to 110.0 kg.
125.0 kg class from 110.01 to 125.0 kg.
125.0+kg class from 125.01 to unlimited.

Women
-44.0 kg Class up to 44.0 kg.
48.0 kg class from 44.01 to 48.0 kg.
52.0 kg class from 48.01 to 52.0 kg.
56.0 kg class from 52.01 to 56.0 kg.
60.0 kg class from 56.01 to 60.0 kg.
67.5 kg class from 60.01 to 67.5 kg.
75.0 kg class from 67.51 to 75.0 kg.
82.5 kg class from 75.01 to 82.5 kg.
90.0 kg class from 82.51 to 90.0 kg.
90.0+kg class from 90.01 to unlimited.

4. Each nation is allowed a maximum of eleven competitors spread throughout the range of the eleven bodyweight categories for men and ten competitors throughout the range of ten bodyweight categories for women.There must not be more than two competitors from any one nation in any particular bodyweight category.

However, women masters may be entered to a maximum of nine competitors spread throughout the three combined bodyweight categories of 44-52kg, 56-67.5 kg, and 75-90+kg. Not more than three competitors from any one nation in any particular combined bodyweight category.

5. Each nation is allowed a maximum of two alternates or reserves.These alternates or reserves may be substituted at any time prior to the commencement of the weight in for a particular bodyweight category.Each nation must submit a team roster giving the name of each lifter, bodyweight category and best total achieved at national or international level during the previous twelve months.The date and title of the competition in which the best total was achieved must also be stated.

These details must be submitted to the responsible official prior to the commencement of the weigh in for the lowest weight category, i.e. 52.0 kg for men and 44.0 kg for women. The names of the alternates or reserves with their bodyweight categories and best totals must also be submitted at this time.

at all competitions sanctioned by the MSPA, a final team list of lifters, including the optional two alternates, shall be given to the meet director before the very first weigh in session begins. No new names may be added to this list(roster) after the weigh in has started. registration of a team may be accomplished at the venue, provided that it is completed prior to the beginning of the first weigh in.

6. Point scoring for all World, Continental and Regional Championships shall be:12, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, for the first nine placings in any bodyweight category.Thereafter, each lifter who makes a total in the competition shall be awarded 1 point.Point scoring for all national competitions shall be at the discretion of the national federation..
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7. Only the point scores of the six best placed lifters of each nation will be counted for the team competition at all international championships.In the case of a tie in points scored, final team placings shall be decided as described for team awards in item 10..
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8. Any nation having been a member of the IPF for more than three years should endeavor to include at least one international referee among its team officials at world championships.If a referee from that nation is not present or, if present, does not officiate during the championships, then only the four best placed lifters from that nation will be counted for the team competition..
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9. Teams shall be nominated to the Secretary of the IPF or Region and also the Meet Director at least 21 days before the date of the championships. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in disqualification of the offending team..
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10. Team awards shall be given to the first three places.In the case of a tie in the classification of a team or a nation, the team having the largest number of first places will be ranked first.In the case of a tie between two nations having the same number of first places, the one having the most second places will be classified first, and so on through the placings of the six scoring lifters.

Point scoring at MSPA CHAMPIONSHIPS shall be 12, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, for the first eleven placing on a team.

At MSPA Junior & Masters competitions the maximum number of team members shall be as outlined in #4 and #5(above)

(1) The Foster Formula will be used to determine scoring within the entire weight
class.

(2) There will be no change in age bracket placings.
Example: a competitor who has completed the contest and is the only competitor in
an age/weight division will be placed first within that division. However when that
competitor’s Foster Formula Total is compared with the totals of the entire weight
class  his total may be lower than first place, thus earning fewer team points.

(3) Lifters not on a team will not receive team points.
Example: a lifter places 2nd but is not on a team, the 2nd place points would go to
the lifter next in line if he is on a team.

(4) Only the top six lifters on a Master’s team may score points.

(5) In Junior competitions the maximum number of team lifters will score points.

Team awards shall be given to at least the first three places at MSPA meets. In case of a tie in the classification of a team. The team having the largest number of first places shall be ranked first. In case of a tie between two teams having the same number of first places, the one having the most second places shall be classified first, and so on through the 11 positions (men’s teams) or 10 positions (women’s teams). In a meet having qualifying totals, a lifter must post the minimum qualifying total in order to score team points.


* PERMITTED USE OF POUND WEIGHTS
In special circumstances (with prior approval of the MSPA) sanctioned meets may be conducted with pound weights instead of kilo weights. i.e. where the meet promoter is unable to secure kilo weights for the competition. NOTE: the use of pound weights precludes the setting of State records.


Rules – Equipment and Specifications

I.P.F. TECHNICAL RULES

Part 2.
EQUIPMENT AND SPECIFICATIONS

1. Platform
All lifts shall be carried out on a platform measuring between 2.5 m x 2.5 m minimum and 4.0 m x 4.0 m maximum.The surface of the platform must be flat, firm, non-slip and level. It must not exceed 10 cm in height from the surrounding stage or floor.
The surface of the platform may be treated with an approved non-slip coating.Loose rubber mats or similar sheeting materials are not permitted. No additives may be applied to, or inserts incorporated in either the platform or its surface unless it is a specially constructed weightlifting platform. This type of platform is subject to the approval of the referees. If a lifter cannot reach the squat racks, it is permissible to build up the height of the platform.

2. Bars and Discs
For all powerlifting contests organized under the rules of the IPF, only disc barbells are permitted.The use of discs which do not meet the current specifications will invalidate the contest and any records accomplished. Only those bars and discs that meet all specifications may be used throughout the entire competition and for all lifts.The bar shall not be changed during the competition unless it is bent or damaged in some way as determined by the referees.Bars to be used in World or Regional Championships shall not be chromed on the knurling between the inside collars.Only bars and discs that have official IPF approval may be used at IPF World Championships.
(a) The bar shall be straight and well knurled and grooved and shall conform to the following dimensions:
1. Total overall length not to exceed 2.2 m.
2. Distance between the collar faces is not to exceed 1.32 m or be less than 1.31 m.
3. Diameter of the bar is not to exceed 29 mm or be less than 28 mm.
4. Weight of the bar and collars is to be 25 kg.
5. Diameter of the sleeve not to exceed 52 mm or be less than 50 mm.
6. There shall be a diameter machined marking or the bar taped so as to measure 81 cm between marking or tape.
(b) Discs shall conform as follows:
1. All discs used in competition must weigh within 0.25 percent of their correct face value.
2. The hole size in the middle of the disc may not exceed 53 mm or be less than 51 mm.
3. Discs must be within the following range: 1.25 kg, 2.5 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 15 kg, 20 kg, 25 kg, and 50 kg.

4. For record purposes, lighter discs may be used to achieve a weight of at least 500 gr more than the existing record.
5. Discs weighing 25 kg and over must not exceed 6 cm in thickness. Discs weighing 20 kg and under must not exceed 3 cm in thickness.

6. Discs must conform to the following colour code: 10kg and under – any colour, 15 kg – yellow, 20kg – blue, 25 kg – red, 50 kg -green.
7. All discs must be clearly marked with their weight and loaded in the sequence of heavier discs innermost with the smaller discs in descending weight arranged so that the referees can read the weight on each disc.
8. The first and heaviest discs loaded on the bar must be loaded face in; with the rest of the discs loaded face out.
9. The diameter of the largest disc shall not be more than 45 cm.

3. Collars
(a) Shall always be used in competition.
(b) Must weigh 2.5 kg each.

4. Squat Racks
(a) Squat racks shall be of sturdy construction and provide maximum stability.The base shall be of such design that it does not impede the lifter or the spotter loaders. It may consist of a one piece unit or two separate stands designed to hold the bar in a horizontal position.
(b) The squat racks shall be designed to adjust from a minimum height of 1.00 m in the lowest position to extend to a height of at least 1.70 m in 5 cm increments.
(c) All hydraulic racks must be capable of being secured at the required height by means of pins.

5. Bench
The bench shall be of sturdy construction for maximum stability and conform to the following dimensions:
1. Length – not less than 1.22 m and shall be flat and level.
2. Width – not less than 29 cm and not exceeding 32 cm.
3. Height – not less than 42 cm and not exceeding 45 cm measured from the floor to the top of the padded surface of the bench without it being depressed or compacted. The height of the uprights on both adjustable and non-adjustable benches shall be a minimum of 82 cm to a maximum of 100 cm measured from the floor to the bar rest position.
4. Minimum width between insides of bar rests shall be 1.10 m.
5. The head of the bench shall extend 22 cm beyond the centre of the uprights with a tolerance of 5 cm either way.

6. Lights
A system of lights shall be provided whereby the referees make known their decisions.
Each referee will control a white and a red light. These two colours represent a “good lift” and “no lift” respectively.

The lights shall be arranged horizontally to correspond with the positions of the three referees. They must be wired in such a way that they light up together and not separately when activated by the referees.
For emergency purposes, i.e. a breakdown in the electrical system, the referees will be provided with small white and red flags with which to make known their decisions on the Chief Referee’s audible command “flags”.


Rules – Costume and Personal Equipment
I.P.F. TECHNICAL RULESPart 3.

COSTUME AND PERSONAL EQUIPMENT

1. Costume
The lifting costume shall consist of a one-piece full length lifting suit of one-ply stretch material without any patches, padding or division into panels by means of seams not necessary in the manufacture of the costume. Any seams, false or otherwise, that in the opinion of the referees is incorporated into the costume purely as a form of reinforcement or bracing, shall invalidate the costume from being used in the competition. The costume must be form-fitting without any looseness when worn by the lifter. The straps must be worn over the shoulders at all times while lifting in competition. Only costumes officially registered and approved by the IPF Technical Committee shall be permitted for use in powerlifting competitions. The lifting suit shall also be subject to the following requirements:
(a)It may be of any colour or colours.
(b)The lifting suit may bear the badge, emblem, logo and/or inscription of the lifter’s nation, national association, or sponsor. That which is offensive or liable to bring the sport into disrepute is not allowed.(Refer to item 8 (h) for sponsor’s logos)
(c)Seams and hems must not exceed 3 cm in width and 0.5 cm in thickness. Only non-supportive weightlifting/wrestling type suits may have seams and hems exceeding 3cm in width. The non-supportive weightlifting/wrestling type suits may also have a double thickness of the same material size 12 cm x 24 cm in the area of the crotch.
(d)Seams may be protected or strengthened by narrow gauge webbing or stretch material not exceeding 2 cm in width and 0.5 cm in thickness.
(e)It must have legs and the length of the leg must not exceed 15 cm from the middle of the crotch. Measurements to be taken on a line from the top seam of the crotch down the inside of the leg. (See Diagram below)

suit

(f)Any alterations to the costume which exceed the established widths, lengths or thicknesses previously stated shall make the suit illegal for competition.

2. Undershirt
An undershirt (commonly known as a “T-shirt”) of any colour or colours must be worn under the lifting suit during the performance of the squat and bench press but is optional for men in the deadlift. Women must wear an undershirt as described above while competing on all lifts. The undershirt is subject to the following provisions:
(a)Is not ribbed.
(b)Does not consist of any rubberized or similar stretch material.
(c)Does not have any pockets, buttons, zippers or a reinforced collar. (See diagram below)

tshirt
(d)Does not have reinforced seams.
(e)Is not constructed so as to place seams in a position which, in the opinion of the IPF, might tend to assist the lifter in powerlifting competition.
(f)Is made either exclusively of cotton or polyester, or a mixture of cotton and polyester. Denim is not acceptable.
(g)It shall not have sleeves which terminate either below the elbow or at the upper deltoid. Lifters may not push the sleeves of such an undershirt up to the deltoid when competing in IPF competitions.
(h)Fits loosely enough on the lifter’s body to ensure that it does not afford the lifter any physical support.
(i)Is plain or the official T-shirt of the contest in which the lifter is competing or only bears the badge and/or inscription of the lifter’s nation, national or regional federation or sponsor. That which is offensive or likely to bring the sport into disrepute is not allowed.The sponsor’s logo must also conform with item 8 (h).

3. Bench Shirt
Special bench shirts as approved by the technical committee and noted in the list of approved equipment and clothing issued periodically by the Committee may be worn for the bench press. These and similar shirts are not permitted to be worn for the execution of other lifts under any circumstances. Only an undershirt as defined in the rules may be worn during the squat and deadlift.
Conditions (a),(b),(c),(f),and (g) as defined for “Undershirt” above, item 2, also apply to the bench shirt. In addition, seams may only be placed in the positions indicated in the diagram below.

benchsht
4. Undershorts
A standard commercial “athletic supporter” or standard commercial undershorts of any mixture of cotton, nylon or polyester (but not swimming trunks or any other garment consisting of rubberized or similar stretch material except in the waistband) may be worn under the lifting suit provided that:
(a)Any support to the body of the lifter which may be provided by the “athletic supporter” or undershorts is limited to the lifter’s lower abdominal wall.
(b)The garment does not have legs and does not extend down over the lifter’s thighs. (See diagram below)

unders
(c)Women may wear protective briefs or panties provided that they are not deemed to be supportive in any way.They may also wear a bra provided that the bra cup does not maintain its shape when placed upright upon a flat surface.
Tampons, sanitary napkins or similar articles when used for hygiene protection are also permitted.

5. Socks
Socks are required for the DEADLIFT and are optional for all other lifts!
(a)They may be of any colour or colours.
(b)They shall not be of such length on the leg that they come into contact with any knee wrapping or knee cap supporter when in use.
(c)Full length leg stockings, tights or hose are strictly forbidden.

6. Belt
Competitors may wear a belt. If worn it shall be on the outside of the lifting suit.
Materials and Construction
(a)The main body shall be made of leather or vinyl in one or more laminations which may be glued and/or stitched together.
(b)It shall not have additional padding, bracing or supports of any material either on the surface or concealed within the laminations of the belt.
(c)A standard metal buckle and studs are the only non-leather components permitted. The buckle shall be attached at one end of the belt by means of studs and/or stitching.
(d)The belt may have a buckle with one or two prongs or “quick release” type.
(e)A leather or vinyl tongue loop shall be attached close to the buckle by means of studs and/or stitching.
(f)The name of the lifter, the lifter’s nation, state or club may appear on the outside of the belt.
Dimensions
1.Width of belt maximum 10 cm.
2.Thickness of belt maximum 13 mm along the main length.
3.Inside width of buckle maximum 11 cm.
4.Outside width of buckle maximum 13 cm.
5.Tongue loop maximum width 5 cm.
6.Distance between end of belt and far end of tongue loop maximum 15 cm.

  • Correct Points of Measurement:

belt
6. Shoes or Boots
Lifting shoes or boots shall be worn.
(a) Shoes shall be taken to include boots, sport shoes, trainers gymnastic slippers or any foot covering that has a patterned moulding or foot type outline that provides an inner sole.
(b) Shoes with metal spikes or cleats are not permitted.

7. Wraps
(a) Only wraps or bandages of a one ply commercially woven elastic that is covered with polyester, cotton or a combination of both materials; or medical crepe are permitted.Bandages of rubber or rubberized substitutes are strictly forbidden.

(b) Wraps or plasters may be used as follows:
Wrists
1.Wraps not exceeding 1 m in length and 8 cm in width may be worn. Alternatively, wrist bands not exceeding 10 cm in width may be worn. A combination of the two is not permitted.
2.If wrist bands are wrapped around style, with or without stitching to form a sleeve, they may have velcro patches not exceeding 30 cm in total length and 8 cm wide for securing them as well as a thumb loop. The total length of the wrist band shall not exceed 50 cm. The velcro patches must be incorporated within the 50 cm total length. The thumb loop shall not be over the thumb during the actual lift.
3.A wrist wrap shall not extend beyond 10 cm above and 2 cm below the centre of the wrist joint and shall not exceed a total covered width of 12 cm.

Knees
4.Wraps not exceeding 2 m in length and 8 cm in width may be used.A knee wrap shall not extend beyond 15 cm above and 15 cm below the centre of the knee-joint and shall not exceed a total covered width of 30 cm. Alternatively, an elasticated knee cap supporter not exceeding 20 cm in length may be worn. A combination of the two is strictly forbidden.
5.Wraps shall not be in contact with the socks or lifting suit.
6.Wraps shall not be used elsewhere on the body.

Plasters
7.Two layers of plasters, bandages or bandaids may be worn on the thumbs. These items may not be worn anywhere else on the body without official permission of the Jury or Chief Referee. Plasters, bandages or bandaids may not be used as aids to the lifter in holding the bar.
8.Contingent upon prior approval by the Jury, the official doctor, paramedic or paramedical personnel on duty, may apply bandages to bodily injuries in a fashion that would not grant the lifter an undue advantage.
9.At all competitions where a Jury may not be present and no medical personnel are on duty, the Chief Referee shall have jurisdiction over the use of spot plasters.

8. Inspection of Costume and Personal Equipment
(a) In large competitions when the allotted weigh in time is likely to be insufficient to allow for the inspection of costume and personal equipment, the Jury, at its discretion, may fix a separate time for the inspection and drawing of lots. In normal circumstances this shall take place one hour before the official weigh in, but may be varied as required by the Jury.
(b) A minimum of two referees or technical officers shall be appointed to fulfil this duty. All items shall be examined and approved before being officially stamped or marked.
(c) Bandages over permitted length shall be rejected, but may be cut to correct length and resubmitted within the specified inspection time.It is the lifter’s responsibility to cut bandages.The examining referee is not permitted to perform this service.
(d) Any item considered unclean or torn shall be rejected.
(e) The referees shall record each item on the official inspection sheet.The inspection sheet shall be handed to the President of the Jury at the end of the inspection period.
(f) If after the inspection, a lifter appears on the platform wearing or using any illegal item or article not recorded on the inspection sheet, the lifter shall immediately be disqualified from the competition.
(g) All items mentioned previously under Costume and Personal Equipment shall be inspected prior to the competition together with any other items such as headbands, mouthpieces, ribbons, etc.that the lifter may wish to wear on the platform. Hats are strictly forbidden and may not be worn on the platform during lifting. Items such as watches, costume jewelry, eyewear and feminine hygiene articles need not be inspected.
(h) Nations or lifters wishing to take advantage of the rules regarding sponsor’s logos being worn on articles of costume and personal equipment, must apply for permission to the General Secretary. The application must be made at least three months prior to the published date of the first competition, and must be accompanied by a fee of GB 50 or such sum to be determined by the preceding Congress. Upon permission being granted, the logo may be suitably displayed in a position agreed between the IPF and the nation or lifter. It may be worn for the remainder of that calendar year and the following calendar year. The fee shall only cover one sponsor and one nation. Additional fees of GB 50 each shall be required for other sponsors wishing to add their logo to the costume or equipment. The IPF reserve the right to refuse permission if it considers that a logo falls below the required standard of good taste or contravenes any prior commitment under taken by the IPF with any other contractor such as television or championship promoter. The IPF Executive Committee reserves the right to limit the size of the logo. Nations or lifters may display national emblems or badges without payment of a fee. Similarly manufacturer’s logos displayed upon IPF approved items of equipment for which a sanction has been paid will not require additional fees.
(i) The IPF is to maintain a register of approved logos. Sponsors fees for logos shall be divided 50% to the IPF and 50% to the regional federation of the lifter. If the lifters regional federation does not operate a separate bank account, then 50% of the fee will be paid to the lifters national federation. Lifters wishing to wear sponsors logos must present a current permit or receipt to the referee examining equipment.
(j) Any lifter successful in a world record attempt must immediately present himself to the three referees for inspection. If the lifter is found to be wearing illegal wraps or clothing, the lift shall be declared invalid and the lifter shall be disqualified from the competition.

9. General
(a) The use of oil, grease or other lubricants on the body, costume or personal equipment is strictly forbidden.
(b) The use of any form of adhesive on the underside of shoes or boots is strictly forbidden.
(c) Baby powder, pool hall chalk, liquid chalk, resin, talc or magnesium carbonate are the only substances that may be added to the body and attire.
(d) No foreign substances may be applied to the equipment or wraps.


Rules – The Powerlifts and Rules of Performance

I.P.F. TECHNICAL RULES

Part 4.
POWERLIFTS AND RULES OF PERFORMANCE

Squat
1. The lifter shall assume an upright position with the top of the bar not more than 3 cm below the top of the anterior deltoids. The bar shall be held horizontally across the shoulders with the hands and fingers gripping the bar and the feet flat on the platform with the knees locked.

2. After removing the bar from the racks, the lifter must move backwards to establish his position. The lifter shall wait in this position for the Chief Referee’s signal. The signal shall be given as soon as the lifter is motionless and the bar properly positioned. The Chief Referee’s signal shall consist of a downward movement of the arm and the audible command “squat”.

3. Upon receiving the Chief Referee’s signal, the lifter must bend the knees and lower the body until the top surface of the legs at the hip joint is lower than the top of the knees. See diagram 2, 3, & 4)

squat

Diagram 4 shows a lifter just below parallel. Point “B”, the top surface of the leg at the hip joint below point “A”, the top of the knee. A good lift.

4. The lifter must recover at will without double bouncing or any downward movement to an upright position with the knees locked. When the lifter is motionless, the Chief Referee will give the signal to replace the bar.

5. The signal to replace the bar will consist of a backward motion of the hand and the audible command “rack”. The lifter must then make a bona fide attempt to return the bar to the racks.

6. The lifter shall face the front of the platform.

7. The lifter shall not hold the collars, sleeves or discs at any time during the performance of the lift. However, the edge of the hands gripping the bar may be in contact with the inner surface of the collars.

8. Not more than five and not less than two spotter/loaders shall be on the platform at any time.

9. The lifter may enlist the help of the spotter/loaders in removing the bar from the racks; however, once the bar has cleared the racks, the spotter/loaders shall not assist the lifter further with regard to proper positioning, foot placement, bar positioning, etc.

10.The lifter may, at the Chief Referee’s discretion, be given an additional attempt at the same weight if failure in an attempt was due to an error by one or more of the spotter/loaders.

Causes for Disqualification of a Squat
1. Failure to observe the Chief Referee’s signals at the commencement or completion of a lift.

2. Double bouncing or more than one recovery attempt at the bottom of the lift.

3. Failure to assume an upright position with the knees locked at the commencement and completion of the lift.

4. Any shifting of the feet laterally, backwards or forwards, during the performance of the lift.

5. Failure to bend the knees and lower the body until the top surface of the legs at the hip joint are lower than the top of the knees.

6. Changing the position of the bar across the shoulders after the commencement of the lift.

7. Contact with the bar by the spotter/loaders between the referee’s signals.

8. Contact of elbows or upper arms with the legs.

9. Failure to make a bona fide attempt to return the bar to the racks.

10. Any dropping or dumping of the bar after completion of the lift.

11. Failure to comply with any of the requirements contained in the general description of the lift which precedes this list of disqualifications.

Bench Press
1. The head of the bench must be placed on the platform facing the Chief Referee.

2. The lifter must lie on his back with head, shoulders and buttocks in contact with the flat bench surface. His hands must grip the bar with a “thumbs around” grip, thus locking the bar safely in the palms of the hands. His shoes must be flat on the floor. This position shall be maintained throughout the attempt.

3. If the lifter’s costume and the bench surface are not of a sufficient colour contrast to enable the referees to detect possible raising movement at the points of contact, then the bench surface may be covered accordingly.

4. To achieve firm footing the lifter may use flat surfaced plates or blocks not exceeding 30 cm in total height, to build up the surface of the platform. Whichever method is chosen, the entire foot must be flat on the surface. If blocks are used, they shall not exceed 45 cm x 45 cm.

5. Not more than four and not less than two spotter/loaders shall be in attendance.The lifter may enlist the help of the spotter/loaders in removing the bar from the racks.The lift off, if assisted by the spotter/loaders, must be to arms length.

6. The spacing of the hands shall not exceed 81 cm measured between the forefingers. The use of a reverse grip is forbidden.

7. After removing the bar from the racks or receiving it from the spotter/loaders, the lifter shall wait with elbows locked for the Chief Referee’s signal. The signal shall be given as soon as the lifter is motionless and the bar properly positioned.

8. The signal shall consist of a downward movement of the arm together with the audible command “start”.

9. After receiving the signal, the lifter must lower the bar to the chest, hold it motionless on the chest with a definite and visible pause and then press upwards with an even extension of the arms to arms length. When held motionless in this position the audible command “rack” is given.

Causes for Disqualification of a Bench Press
1. Failure to observe the Chief Referee’s signals at the commencement or completion of the lift.

2. Any change in the elected lifting position during the lift proper, i.e. any raising movement of the head, shoulders, buttocks or feet from their original points of contact with the bench or the floor, or lateral movement of the hands on the bar.

3. Heaving or bouncing or sinking the bar after it has been motionless on the chest.

4. Any uneven extension of the arms during the lift.

5. Any downward movement of the bar in the course of being pressed out.

6. Failure to press the bar to full extension of the arms at the completion of the lift.

7. Contact with the bar by spotter/loaders between the Chief Referee’s signals.

8. Any contact of the lifter’s feet with the bench or its supports.

9. Deliberate contact between the bar and the bar rest supports during the lift in order to make the press easier.

10. Failure to comply with any of the requirements contained in the general description of the lift which precedes this list of disqualifications.

Dead Lift
1. The bar must be laid horizontally in front of the lifter’s feet, gripped with an optional grip in both hands, and lifted without any downward movement until the lifter is standing erect.

2. The lifter shall face the front of the platform.

3. On completion of the lift, the knees shall be locked in a straight position and the shoulders back.

4. The Chief Referee’s signal shall consist of a downward movement of the hand and the audible command “down”. The signal will not be given until the bar is held motionless and the lifter is in the apparent finished position.

5. Any raising of the bar or any deliberate attempt to do so will count as an attempt.

Causes for Disqualification of a Dead Lift
1. Any downward movement of the bar before it reaches the final position.

2. Failure to stand erect with the shoulders back.

3. Failure to lock the knees straight at the completion of the lift.

4. Supporting the bar on the thighs during the performance of the lift.

5. Stepping backward or forward although lateral movement of the sole or rocking feet between ball and heel is permitted.

6. Lowering the bar before receiving the Chief Referee’s signal.

7. Allowing the bar to return to the platform without maintaining control with both hands.

8. Failure to comply with any of the requirements contained in the general description of the lift which precedes this list of disqualifications.

deadlift

The correct finish position in the deadlift is shown at 2 above. The lifter must be standing erect with the shoulders back and the knees locked.


Rules – Weighing In
I.P.F. TECHNICAL RULES

Part 5.
WEIGHING IN

1. Weighing in of the competitors must take place no earlier than two hours before the start of the competition for a particular category/categories. All lifters in the category/categories must attend the weigh in, which will be carried out in the presence of three appointed referees for that category/categories. (Note that if necessary, weight categories may be combined in a single lifting session)

2. The weigh in period will last one and a half hours.

3. The weigh in for each competitor will be carried out in a locked room with only the competitor, his coach or manager and the three referees present. The lifter’s agreed body weight must not be made public until all the lifters competing in the particular category have been weighed in.

4. Lifters may be weighed nude or in underwear which complies with the specifications set out in the appropriate section of the rule book and which does not effectively change the lifter’s weight. If a question exists regarding weight of undergarments, a re-weigh in the nude may be requested. In competitions in which women are competitors, the weigh in procedure may be altered to ensure that lifters are weighed by officials of their own sex. Additional female officials may be appointed for this purpose.

5. If not previously carried out, the inspection of costume and personal equipment will take place during the weigh in period. However, the lifters must be weighed in the priority of the previously determined order of lifting. The equipment will only be checked after all lifters have made their first visit to the scales. The technical officers or the appointed referees will be responsible for inspecting, measuring and recording on the inspection form, details of all items listed under “Costume and Personal Equipment”. The items shall be approved and marked accordingly. The referee responsible for this inspection will also be responsible for ensuring that the details recorded correspond with the items worn and used by the lifter on the platform.

6. Lots will be drawn to establish the order of the weigh in. In competitions with large numbers of lifters in each category, the drawing of lots and referees’ inspection of costume and personal equipment, may commence one hour before the start of the weigh in. The lots drawn also establish the order of lifting throughout the competition when lifters require the same weights for their attempts.

7. Each lifter may only be weighed once. Only those whose body weight is heavier or lighter than the category limits of the category entered are allowed to return to the scales. They must return to the scales and make weight within the limits of the hour and a half allowed for the weigh in, otherwise they will be eliminated from the competition for that body weight category. A lifter can only be re-weighed after all lifters in the same body weight category have been called to the scales. Lifters trying to make weight may bare-weighed as often as time and orderly progression by lots allows.
A lifter may only be weighed outside the time limit of one and a half hours if he presents himself within the time limit, but due to the number of lifters trying to make weight, he is denied the opportunity of mounting the scales. He may then be allowed one re-weigh at the discretion of the referees.

8. A lifter shall be nominated in his normal body weight category. However, each lifter will have the option of changing categories up or down from that in which he was originally nominated on the final team nomination form. If the lifter wishes to exercise this option, he must present himself to the Chief Referee at the weigh in room ten minutes before the commencement of the weigh in for his final choice of body weight category.If he wishes to move up, the lifter must also report to the chief referee of his originally nominated lower category, ten minutes before the commencement of the weigh in for that category in order to be excused.
If a lifter changes categories and the lot draw has already been carried out, then the lifter shall be placed at the top of the draw.
If the lifter’s new body weight category is to be split into alternating groups because of the number of competitors, then unless he can produce irrefutable evidence of a total made in that new category during the preceding twelve months at a national or international level, he will automatically be placed in the first group to lift.
Example (a) – A lifter nominated at 90 kg wishes to lift at 82.5 kg. He must present himself to the Chief Referee of the 82.5 kg category ten minutes before the commencement of the weigh in for that category.
Example (b) – A lifter nominated at 90 kg wishes to lift at 100 kg. He must report to the Chief Referee of the 90 kg category before the weigh in commences and state that he wishes to move up into the 100 kg category and therefore does not wish to weigh in. He must then also present himself to the Chief Referee of the 100 kg category ten minutes before the commencement of the weigh in for that category.
It is the responsibility of the lifter to know the body weight category for which he was originally nominated. A claim that an error had been made on the final nomination form will not be accepted.

9. At tournaments, galas, festivals or friendly internationals, the weigh in may, by mutual consent, take place earlier than two hours before the start of the competition. However, if a lifter declares his/her intention to attempt a world record, he/she must reweigh two hours before the start of the competition.

10. If two lifters register the same body weight at the weigh in and eventually achieve the same total at the end of the competition, they will be re-weighed and the lighter person will take precedence over the heavier person. However, if they still weigh the same after re-weighing, they will then share the placing, and each receive an award. In such circumstances should two lifters be in first place, then the next lifter shall be placed third and so forth.

11. Lifters should, if required, check squat and bench press rack heights and foot blocks prior to the start of the competition.


Rules – Order of Competition

I.P.F. TECHNICAL RULES

Part 6.
ORDER OF COMPETITION

1. The Round System
(a) At the weigh in, the lifter or his coach must declare a starting weight for all three lifts. These must be entered on the appropriate first attempt card, signed by the lifter or his coach and retained by the official conducting the weigh in. The lifter will then be given eleven blank attempt cards for use during the competition.
Three for the squat, three for the bench press and five for the dead lift. Each lift distinguished by using a different coloured card. Having made his first attempt at a lift, the lifter or his coach must decide upon the weight required for the second attempt. This weight must be filled in where indicated upon the card and submitted to the competition secretary or other appointed official before the one minute time allowance has elapsed. The same procedure is to be used for second and third attempts on all three lifts. Responsibility for submitting attempts within the time limit rests solely with the lifter or his coach. Under the round system, the need for numerous marshals is eliminated, the attempt card being handed directly to the designated official. Examples of attempt cards are illustrated below. Remember that the box for first attempts on the cards in the lifter’s possession are only to be used for the permitted first attempt change if required. Similarly, the fourth and fifth boxes on the dead lift card are only to be used for the two permitted changes on the third attempt dead lift if required.

attempts

(b) Where 10 or more lifters are competing in a session, groups may be formed consisting of approximately equal numbers of lifters. However, groups must be formed when 15 or more lifters are competing in the same session. A session can be composed of a single bodyweight category or any combination of bodyweight categories at the discretion of the organizer for purpose of presentation.
(c) Grouping shall be determined by examining the lifters’ best totals achieved at national or international level during the previous twelve months. The lifters with the lowest totals will form the first group to lift with progressively higher totals forming further groups as necessary. Where a lifter has not provided a total for the previous twelve months, then that lifter shall automatically be placed in the first group to lift.
(d) Each lifter will take his first attempt in the first round, his second attempt in the second round and his third attempt in the third round.
(e) When a group consists of less than 6 lifters, compensatory time allowances shall be added at the end of each round as follows: for 5 lifters add 1 minute; 4 lifters add 2 minutes; 3 lifters add 3 minutes. 3 minutes is the maximum allowance permitted at the end of a round.
(f) The bar must be loaded progressively during each round on the principle of a rising bar. At no time will the weight of the bar be lowered within a round except for errors as described in item (i), and then only at the end of a round.
(g) Lifting order within each round will be determined by the lifter’s choice of weight for that round. In the event of two lifters choosing the same weight, the lifter with the lowest lot number drawn at the weigh in, will lift first.
(h) If unsuccessful with an attempt, the lifter does not follow himself, but must wait until the next round before he can attempt that weight again.
(i) If in a round an attempt is unsuccessful due to a wrongly loaded bar or spotter error, the lifter will be granted a further attempt at the correct weight. However, the extra attempt can only be taken at the end of the round in which the error occurred. If the lifter also happened to be the last lifter in the round, he shall be granted a three minute rest prior to making his attempt.
(j) A lifter is permitted one change of weight on the first attempt of each lift. The change of weight may be higher or lower than that originally submitted and the order of lifting in the first round will be changed accordingly. If he is in the first group, this change may take place at any time up to within five minutes before the start of the first round of that lift. The following groups are accorded a similar privilege up to within five attempts from the end of the previous group’s last round of that lift. Prior notice of these deadlines shall be announced by the speaker.
(k) A lifter must submit his second and third attempts within one minute of completing his preceding attempt. If no weight is submitted within the one minute time allowance, the lifter will forfeit his next round attempt. If the lifter forfeits a second attempt under this rule, then his third attempt must be submitted within one minute of such forfeiture being declared.
(l) Weights submitted for second round attempts on all three lifts cannot be changed. Similarly third round attempts on the squat and bench press cannot be changed.
(m) In the third round of the dead lift, two weight changes are permitted. The change of weight may be higher or lower than the lifter’s previously submitted third attempt. However, these are only permitted provided that the lifter has not been called to the bar already loaded to his previously submitted weight.
(n) In bench press single lift competitions the rules in general are the same as for three lift competitions. However there are two exceptions to this statement. In the third round, two weight changes are permitted as stated in 1(m) above for the deadlift apply equally here. It follows that the attempt card must be as for the normal deadlift attempt card in that provisions is made for the two permitted changes on the third attempt.
(o) If a lifting session consists of a single group, i.e. up to a maximum of 14 lifters, an interval of not less than 10 and not exceeding 15 minutes shall be allowed between the lifts. This is to ensure adequate time for warm up and platform organization.
(p) When two or more groups take part in a session upon a single platform, lifting will be organized on a group repetition basis. No time interval will be allowed between rounds other than that necessary for arranging the platform. For example, if there are two groups taking part in a session, the first group will complete all three rounds of the squat. They will be followed immediately by the second group who will complete their three rounds of the squat. The platform will then be set up for the bench press and the first group will complete their three rounds of the bench press, immediately followed by the second group who will similarly complete their three rounds of the bench press. The platform will then be set up for the dead lift and the first group will complete their three rounds of the dead lift, immediately followed by the second group who will similarly complete their three rounds of the dead lift. This system thus eliminates any time waste other than that necessary for arranging the platform between the lifts.

2. The organizer will appoint the following officials:
(a) Speaker/Announcer.
(b) Technical Secretary (an international referee preferably fromn the host nation). (c) Time Keeper (preferably a qualified referee).
(d) Marshals/Expeditors (not required when using the round system, an official seated at the administration table will be designated to receive attempts).
(e) Scorers.
(f) Spotter/Loaders.
Additional officials may be appointed as required, i.e. doctors, paramedics, etc.

Responsibilities of the Officials are:
(a) The speaker is responsible for the efficient running of the competition. He acts as Master of Ceremonies and arranges the attempts chosen by the lifters in an orderly fashion, dictated by weight and, if necessary, lot number. He announces the weight required for the next attempt and the name of the lifter. When the bar is loaded and the platform cleared for lifting, the Chief Referee will indicate the fact to the speaker, who will in turn announce that the bar is ready and call the lifter by name to the platform.
Attempts announced by the speaker should be displayed upon some form of scoreboard erected in a prominent position.
(b) The technical secretary is responsible for attending the technical meeting prior to the competition and compiling the referee schedules from the names of those referees declared available for duty throughout the competition. He will complete the necessary “Duty Referees and Jury Members” lists for the competition and inform referees of the categories to which they have been allocated. After the technical meeting when final team nominations have been compiled the technical secretary will initiate a score sheet, equipment check sheet, rack height sheet and order of weigh in sheet for each category in the competition, entering the names of all lifters nominated in that category. He will also make out the speakers competition cards for every lifter in the category. The above paperwork together with an adequate supply of lifters attempt slips will be placed in the appropriate envelope for each bodyweight category in the competition and handed to the chief referee for that category. The technical secretary will attend each weigh in and advise the duty referees upon procedure and any other matters that may require attention. He should be a qualified international referee, preferably from the host nation and able to deal effectively with any problem that may arise due to language difficulties at the venue. It is the responsibility of the meet director to provide all the necessary blank forms and paperwork to enable the technical secretary to carry out his work.
(c)The time keeper is responsible for accurately recording the time lapse between the announcement that the bar is ready and the lifter starting his attempt. He is also responsible for recording time allowances whenever required, e.g. after an attempt the lifter shall leave the platform within 30 seconds. Once the clock is running for a lifter, it can only be stopped by the completion of a time allowance, by the start of a lift, or at the discretion of the Chief Referee. Consequently, it is of great importance that the lifter or his coach check the height of the squat racks prior to being called, as once the bar is announced as being ready, the clock will be started. Any further adjustments to the racks must be made within the lifter’s one minute allowance.
The lifter is allowed one minute in which to start his attempt after being called to the platform.  If he does not start his attempt within this time allowance, the time keeper will call time and the Chief Referee shall give the audible command “rack”. The lift will be declared “no lift” and the attempt forfeited. When the lifter starts the lift within the prescribed time allowance, the clock will be stopped. The definition of the start of an attempt depends upon the particular lift being performed. In the squat and the bench press, the start is to coincide with the Chief Referee’s commencement signal. Refer to “Referees” item 3. In the dead lift, the start is when the lifter makes a determined attempt to raise the bar.
(d) Marshals/Expeditors are responsible for collecting the weight of required attempts from the lifters or their coaches and passing the information without delay to the speaker. The lifter is allowed one minute between completing his last attempt and informing the speaker, via the marshal, of the weight required for his next attempt.
(e) Scorers are responsible for accurately recording the progress of the competition, and on completion, ensuring that the three referees sign the official score sheets, record certificates or any other document requiring signatures.
(f) Spotter/Loaders are responsible for loading and unloading the bar, adjusting squat racks and benches as required, cleaning the bar or platform at the request of the Chief Referee, and generally ensuring that the platform is well maintained and presents a neat and tidy appearance at all times. At no time shall there be less than two or more than five spotter/loaders on the platform.
When the lifter prepares for his attempt, the spotter/loaders may assist him in removing the bar from the racks. They may also assist in replacing the bar after the attempt. However, they shall not touch the lifter or the bar during the actual attempt, i.e. during the period of time that elapses between the commencement and completion signals. The only exception to this rule being that if the lift is in jeopardy and likely to result in injury to the lifter, the spotter/loaders may, either at the request of the Chief Referee or the lifter himself, step in and relieve the lifter of the bar.If the lifter is deprived of an otherwise successful attempt by the error of a spotter/loader and through no fault of his own, he may be awarded another attempt at the discretion of the referees at the end of the round.

3. Application for participation at a World or Regional Championships must include the lifter’s best total, with date and competition where performed, during the past 12 months. Only totals achieved at International or National Championships will be considered.

4. During any competition taking place on a platform or stage, only the lifter and his coach, members of the Jury, officiating referees and spotter/loaders will be allowed around the platform or on the stage. During the execution of a lift, only the lifter, spotter/loaders and the referees are permitted to be present on the platform. Coaches shall remain within the designated coaching area as defined by the Jury or technical officer in charge.

5. A lifter shall not wrap or adjust his costume within the vicinity of the platform. The only exception to this rule is that he may adjust his belt.

6. In international matches between two lifters or two nations contested in different bodyweight categories, the lifters may alternate irrespective of weight required for the attempts. The lifter requiring the lighest weight in his initial lift shall lift first and thereby set the order for the alternate attempts throughout that particular lift.

7. In IPF recognized competitions, the weight of the barbell must always be a multiple of 2.5 kg. The progression must be at least 2.5 kg between all attempts. The weight shall be announced in kilograms.
Exceptions to this rule:
(a) In a record attempt the weight of the barbell must be at least 500 grams in excess of the current record. This record attempt must be taken in the normal sequence of increasing weight during the competition.
(b) During the course of competition a lifter may request a record attempt that is not a multiple of 2.5 kg but is to be attempted within his prescribed attempts. If the attempt is successful, then only the lower closest multiple of 2.5 kg will be recorded on the score sheet, the exact weight will appear on the record application. For example if 333 kg is requested for a squat lift on the lifter’s second attempt and the lift is successful, then 332.5 kg will be entered on the score sheet and 333 kg will be entered on the record application.
(c) Record attempts may be taken on any or all of a lifter’s prescribed attempts provided that he maintains a minimum increase of 500 grams. For example if the current record is 100 kg, then a lifter may take the following attempts: 1st – 100.0kg, 2nd – 101.0kg, 3rd – 101.5kg, 4th – 102 kg. Attempts 2, 3, and 4 if successful will all be records irrespective of the fact that he did not increase the weight for competition purposes from 100 kg.

8. The Chief Referee will be solely responsible for decisions taken in the case of loading errors or incorrect announcements by the speaker. His decision will be given to the speaker who will make the appropriate announcement.
Examples of Errors in Loading
(a) If the bar is loaded to a lighter weight than originally requested and the attempt is successful, the lifter may accept the successful attempt or elect to take the attempt again at the originally requested weight. If the attempt is not successful, the lifter will be granted a further attempt at the originally requested weight. In both the above cases, further attempts may only be taken at the end of the round in which the error occurred.
(b) If the bar is loaded to a heavier weight than originally requested and the attempt is successful, the lifter will be granted the attempt. However, the weight may be reduced again if required for other lifters. If the attempt is not successful, the lifter will be granted a further attempt at the originally requested weight at the end of the round in which the error occurred.
(c) If the loading is not the same on each end of the bar; or any change occurs to the bar or discs during the execution of the lift; or the platform is disarranged, if despite these factors, the lift is successful, the lifter may accept the attempt or elect to take the attempt again. If the successful attempt is not a multiple of 2.5 kg, then the lower closest multiple of 2.5 kg will be recorded on the score sheet. If the attempt is unsuccessful, the lifter will be granted a further attempt. Further attempts may only be taken at the end of the round in which the error occurred.
(d) If the speaker makes a mistake by announcing a weight lighter or heavier than that requested by the lifter, the Chief Referee will make the same decisions as for errors in loading.
(e) If for any reason it is not possible for the lifter or his coach to remain in the vicinity of the platform in order to follow the progress of the competition and the lifter misses his attempt because the speaker omitted to announce him at the appropriate weight, then the weight will be reduced as necessary and the lifter allowed to take his attempt, but only at the end of the round.

9. Three unsuccessful attempts in any lift will automatically eliminate the lifter from the competition.

10. Other than initial removal of the bar from the racks, the lifter will not receive any help from the spotter/loaders in positioning himself for an attempt.

11. On the completion of an attempt, a lifter shall leave the platform within thirty seconds. Failure to comply with this rule may result in disqualification of the attempt at the discretion of the referees.

12. If, during warm up or competition, a lifter suffers injury or in any other way exhibits signs of a condition which may unduly or significantly jeopardize the competitor’s health and well-being, the official doctor has the right to examination. If the doctor considers it inadvisable for the lifter to continue, he may, in consultation with the Jury, insist upon the lifter retiring from the competition. The team manager or coach must be officially informed of such a decision.

13. Any lifter or coach, who by reason of his misconduct upon or near the competition platform is likely to discredit the sport, shall be officially warned. If the misconduct continues, the Jury, or referees in the absence of a Jury, may disqualify the lifter and order the coach to leave the venue. The team manager must be officially informed of both the warning and disqualification.

14. In international competition, all appeals against referee’s decisions, complaints regarding the progress of the competition or against the behavior of any person or persons taking part in the competition must be made to the Jury. The Jury may require the appeal to be made in writing. The appeal or complaint must be lodged with the Chairman of the Jury by the team manager, or in his absence, by the team coach. This must be done immediately following the action upon which the appeal or complaint is based.
If deemed necessary, the Jury may temporarily suspend the progress of the competition and retire to consider its verdict. After due consideration and upon reaching a majority verdict, the Jury will return and the Chairman will inform the complainant of its decision. The Jury’s verdict will be considered final and there will be no right of appeal to any other body.
Upon recommencement of the competition which has been suspended, the next lifter shall be given three minutes in which to commence his lift.
In the event of a complaint being made against a lifting member or official of an opposing team, the written complaint shall be accompanied by the cash sum of GB50 or its equivalent in any currency. Should the Jury in its verdict consider that the complaint is of a frivolous or mischievous nature, then the whole or any portion of the said sum may be retained and donated to the IPF at the discretion of the Jury.


Rules – Jury and Technical Committee
JURY AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEE

Jury

1. At World and Continental Championships, a Jury will be appointed to preside over each lifting session.

2. The Jury shall consist of three Category 1 referees, the most senior of whom shall be designated President of the Jury.

3. The members of the Jury shall all be from different nations with the exception of the IPF President and the Chairman of the Technical Committee.

4. The function of the Jury is to ensure that the technical rules are correctly applied.

5. During the competition the Jury may, by a majority vote, replace any referee whose decisions in its opinion, prove him to be incompetent. The referee concerned must have received a warning prior to any action of dismissal.

6. The impartiality of referees cannot be doubted, but a mistake in refereeing can be committed in good faith. In such a case, the referee shall be allowed to give his explanation for making the decision which is the subject of his warning.

7. Each member of the Jury will have three red protest cards marked 1, 2, and 3 respectively. If a member wishes to query a referee’s decision, he shall place the card relating to that referee in front of the President of the Jury or a system of lights may be used by the Jury for calling a referee to the Jury table. The President must consult with the other members of the Jury and take the appropriate action based upon a majority verdict.

8. If a serious mistake occurs in the refereeing which is contrary to the technical rules, the Jury may take appropriate action to correct the mistake. They may at their discretion, grant the lifter a further attempt.

9. The Jury shall not at any time overrule or change the decisions of the referees.

10. The members of the Jury will be positioned to ensure an unimpeded view of the competition.

11. Before each competition, the President of the Jury must satisfy himself that the members of the Jury have a complete knowledge of their role and any new regulations that amend or supplement those contained in the current edition of the handbook.

12. The selection of lifters for drug testing shall always be made by random draw by the Jury. If the competition does not have a Jury, then the Competition Secretary will arrange for a similar random draw to be made by an appointed official before witnesses.

13. If music accompanies the lifting, the Jury will determine the volume and when the music should terminate, e.g. when the lifter mounts the platform or when he frips the bar.

IPF Technical Committee

1. Will consist of a Chairman, who shall be a Category 1 referee elected by the Congress, and six members from various nations appointed by the Chairman.

2. Will be entrusted with the examination of all requirements and proposals of a technical nature submitted by the affiliated federations.

3. Decisions are subject to approval of the IPF Congress.

4. Appoints the Chief Referee and side referees for the World Championships.

5. Trains and instructs referees who have not yet reached the international level and re-examines those who have already reached that level.

6. Informs the IPF Congress, President and General Secretary as to which referees are eligible to referee after examination or re-examination.

7. Organizes courses for referees before any major competition such as the World Championships. The expense involved in organizing such courses or clinics must be borne by the organizing federation.

8. Makes proposals to the IPF Congress for the withdrawal of an international referee’s card when it deems such action necessary.

9. Publishes via the Executive, material of a technical nature that deals with training methods and performance of competition lifts.

10.(a) Will be responsible for inspecting all competition and personal equipment as defined in the handbook. Also equipment that has been submitted by various manufacturers for the sole purpose of being able to use the words “IPF Approved” in their commercial advertisements. If the itemor items submitted meet all current IPF rules and regulations, a fee shall be levied and a certificate of approval will be issued by the Technical Committee.
(b) At the end of each year, a renewal fee for each item as levied by the IPF Executive must be submitted to the IPF for purposes of re-certification of approval. If the design has been changed, the item must be submitted to the Technical Committee for inspection and re-certification.
(c) If, at any time after the certificate of approval has been issued, the manufacturer changes the design of the competition or personal equipment that was previously submitted for approval and it no longer meets current IPF rules and regulations, the IPF shall withdraw approval. The IPF will not issue another certificate until changes in design have been corrected and the item or items submitted to the Technical Committee for inspection.


Rules – Setting Records

WORLD RECORDS

World, Continental, Regional and National Championships
1. At World, Continental, Regional and National Championships sanctioned and recognized by the IPF, world records will be accepted without weighing the barbell or the lifter, provided that the lifter had weighed in correctly before the competition and that the referees or the Technical Committee had checked the weight of the barbell and the discs before the competition.

2. The lifter shall present himself for inspection by the three referees. Refer to “Costume and Personal Equipment” page 12, item 8 (i).

3. Requirements for recognition of a world record are as follows: (a) The competition must be held under the sanction of a national federation affiliated to the IPF.
(b) Each of the adjudicating referees must hold a current IPF International Referee’s Card and be a member of a national federation affiliated to the IPF.
(c) The good faith and competence of referees of all member nations is beyond dispute. Consequently a world record can be assured by referees of the same nation.
(d) World records can only be accepted if drug testing was carried out on the lifter.

ALL OTHER COMPETITIONS

4. If the record is not set in one of the competitions noted above, then the following additional requirements to those listed in items 2 & 3 are also required:
(a) Immediately after a successful record attempt, the three referees must weigh the barbell and record its precise weight. They must also prepare a list of the individual weights of the bar and every disc used in the successful attempt.
(b) The three referees must sign a written report affirming on their honour that the information given to the following requirements is correct:
1. The name of the lifter.Also his date of birth in the case of a junior or master.
2. The name of the lifter’s nation.
3. The title, venue and date of the competition.
4. The lifter’s bodyweight.
5. The weight of the barbell and individual discs.
6. That the scales were certified accurate within the last six months preceding the record attempt.
7. A copy of the official score sheet must accompany the record application.
On completion, the record application must be signed by the three referees and the President of the Jury or Secretary of the national federation. The record application must be sent to the IPF General Secretary within one calendar month of the date of the record being set.

5. When competing in one of the competitions listed in 1 above, if the lifter on his third attempt successfully lifts a weight that falls within 20 kg of a current world record, he may at the discretion of the Jury or the Chief Referee in the absence of a Jury, be granted a fourth attempt outside the competition. In no case can further additional attempts be granted.

6. Only lifters actually competing in a competition may attempt records as fourth attempts outside the competition.

7. In no circumstances may lifters not taking part in the full competition be permitted to attempt records on individual lifts.

8. In the event of two lifters breaking either a current individual or total record of the same weight, the lighter lifter will be declared the new record holder. If both lifters re-weigh the same, both will be declared record holders.

9. New records are only valid if they exceed the previous record by at least 500 grams. Fractions of 500 grams must be ignored, i.e.87.700 kg would be registered as 87.500 kg.

10.There is an official world record for the total of the three lifts. It will be recognized subject to the following:
(a) It is set during an IPF recognized or sanctioned competition.
(b) It is set by a lifter registered with an affiliated nation.
(c) It can only be valid if the bar and discs used in the competition have been weighed before the competition.
(d) Although the lifter and the bar need not be weighed after the competition, a written report similar in all respects to that required in the case of individual records must be drawn up and signed by the three referees.
(e) The record will only be valid for the bodyweight category of the lifter as determined at the official weigh in.
(f) Fourth attempts may not be included in the total.

11.Not only World records, but Continental, Regional and National records broken under the same conditions as world records shall be recognized and registered. However, fourth attempts are not permitted for other than world records at world events, i.e. World Championships and World Games.

12.Records set in individual lifts will only be valid if the lifter makes a total in the competition.

13. World Bench Press Championship records can only be recognised if made at the single lift World Bench Press Championships held annually. Records may be set if they exceed the record by at least 500 grams. Fractions of 500 grams will be ignored. A fourth attempt may be granted if the third attemps was successful and within 20 kg of the current world bench press championship record.

MSPA RECORDS

The MSPA recognizes, sanctions and keeps records on two kinds of competitions where records may be set at State, National, or International competitions.
(A) Three-lift competitions where the posting of  a total is required.
(B) Single-lift competitions where posting of a total is not required.
These two types of records are mutually exclusive.

The MSPA also sanctions, but does not maintain records for, competitions which include two of the three powerlifting events, e.g. bench press plus the deadlift.

Conditions required for setting and recoding MSPA records
(A) Refer to foregoing IPF record sections but note certain exceptions which refer to
MSPA records only.
(1)  Fourth attempts are permitted in attempts to establish such records regardless
of the degree of success or the amount of weight used on previous attempts.
(2)  All of the adjudicating referees shall be a currently registered MSPA State referees. MSPA records may be set ant any IPF/USAPL sanctioned competition.

Disqualification of a Record
At all MSPA competitions all lifts and totals shall be null and void if the lifter is disqualified for any reason.

Exceptions to recording procedures
All records, other than records, set at National or World Championships shall be exempt from the usual application process. However, the applicant’s name, address, USAPL registration number, meet sanction number and where applicable, the birth certificate or other suitable proof of date of birth shall be furnished.

Scale certification
The scale used for weighing lifters, barbell and discs for the competition shall have been certified by an official within the last twelve months.

Record setting by “Guest Lifters”
“Guest Lifters” can set records providing they lift in their respective order; are qualified for the meet, but forgo any trophies the could have won; meet any age qualifications that apply to the competition; complete a meet entry form, sign a waiver and are duly registered for the meet.


Rules – Disabled Lifters

RULES FOR DISABLED LIFTERS IN SINGLE BENCH PRESS CHAMPIONSHIPS

Bodyweight Categories/Disabled Lifters

Men
-48.0 kg Class up to 48.0 kg.
52.0 kg class from 48.01 to 52.0 kg.
56.0 kg class from 52.01 to 56.0 kg.
60.0 kg class from 56.01 to 60.0 kg.
67.5 kg class from 60.01 to 67.5 kg.
75.0 kg class from 67.51 to 75.0 kg.
82.5 kg class from 75.01 to 82.5 kg.
90.0 kg class from 82.51 to 90.0 kg.
100.0 kg class from 90.01 to 100.0 kg.
100.0+kg class from 100.01 to unlimited.

Women
-40.0 kg Class up to 40.0 kg
44.0 kg Class from 40.01 to 44.0 kg
48.0 kg class from 44.01 to 48.0 kg.
52.0 kg class from 48.01 to 52.0 kg.
56.0 kg class from 52.01 to 56.0 kg.
60.0 kg class from 56.01 to 60.0 kg.
67.5 kg class from 60.01 to 67.5 kg.
75.0 kg class from 67.51 to 75.0 kg.
82.5 kg class from 75.01 to 82.5 kg.
82.5+kg class from 82.51 to unlimited.

Additions to the bodyweight will be made for amputees as follows:

For each below ankle amputation = +1/54 of bodyweight

For each below knee amputation = +1/35 of bodyweight

For each above knee amputation = +1/18 of bodyweight

For each hip disarticulation = +1/9 of bodyweight

BENCH
(a) The bench shall be of sturdy construction and provide maximum stability and conform to the following dimensions:

1. Length: shall be 2.1 m long overall and be flat and level.

2. Width: the main body of the bench shall be 61 cm. wide, but for a distance of 70.5 cm. from the head end, the width shall be 30.5 cm. leaving two equal shoulders of 15.25 cm.

3. Height: the height shall not be less than 45 cm. and not to exceed 50 cm. measured from the floor to the top of the padded surface of the bench without it being depressed of compacted.

4. Stands: the height of the uprights on both adjustable and non-adjustable benches shall be a minimum of 82 cm. to a maximum of 100 cm. measured from the floor to the bar rest position. Minimum width between insides of bar rests shall be 1.10 m.
(b) The lifter must be given the opportunity to use either the bench described above or a standard IPF bench as described in “Equipment and Specifications”.

COSTUME

(a) Suit is not obligatory.

(b) A T-shirt is obligatory. Use of both a T-shirt and lifting suit is permitted.

(c) Track trousers – Track trousers, which fit tightly to both the buttocks and legs, or snug fitting shorts are the only trousers acceptable. These must be seen on the lifter and approved by the referees at the weigh-in.

(d) Lifting with prosthesis is allowed and orthosis with shoes will be allowed.

GENERAL

(a) If the lifter cannot fully stretch the arms resulting from anatomical deformation of the elbow he must report this fact to the three referees before the beginning of each attempt during the competition.

(b) If the lifter cannot fully stretch the legs resulting from anatomical or neurological disease he must report this fact to the three referees before the beginning of each attempt during the competition.

(c) 1. Any lifter is allowed to be strapped to the bench with the official strapping belt (10cm. wide) or with his personal strapping belt.
2. Strapping is allowed on the legs from the ankles to the hips.
3. Strapping of the legs must be done by the lifter, the coach or the loaders under the supervision of the referees.

(d) The coach is allowed to help the lifter on arrival at or upon leaving the platform. Coaches shall remain within the designated coaching area as defined by the Jury or Technical Officer in charge.

(e) The lifter is allowed two minutes in which to start his attempt after being called to the platform. A warning call and time signal will be given at the one minute remaining stage.

(f) The lifter must lie supine on the bench. His head, shoulders, trunk (including buttocks), legs and both heels extended must remain in contact with the bench throughout the attempt. An exception regarding the heels is granted in the case of lower limb amputees.


 

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